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11 Future 1 Simple Tense Wie bildet man... active - Groschwald

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11
Future 1 Simple Tense
Wie bildet man...
... einen Aussagesatz:
... einen Fragesatz:
... eine Verneinung:
active voice
They will tell you in advance.
passive voice
You will be told in advance.
will + Infinitiv des Vollverbss
will + be + past participle des
Vollverbss
When will they tell him?
When will he be told?
will + Infinitiv des Vollverbss
will + be + past participle des
Vollverbss
They will not tell him.
He won't be told.
will + Infinitiv des Vollverbss
will + be + past participle des
Vollverbss
Das Future 1 wird gebraucht ...
Do you think, it will rain on Sunday?
When will I see you again?
All the family will be at the wedding.
Tomorrow will be warm, with some cloud in
the afternoon.
Somebody's at the door – Oh, that'll be the
postman.
I'm tired. I think I'll go to bed.
"Come to supper!" - "OK, thanks. I'll bring a
bottle."
You will work here at six o'clock sharp.
Will you be quiet, please?
Make me a cup of coffee, will you?
© Dirk "Waldo" Groschwald
... wenn zukünftige Handlungen beschrieben
werden, die nicht beeinflussbar sind bzw. für die
keine Vorbereitungen getroffen wurden oder die
geraten, vermutet oder eingeschätzt werden.
... wenn beabsichtigte Handlungen als Folge
eines spontanen Entschlusses beschrieben
werden.
... bei Befehlen und Anweisungen.
dirk@groschwald.com
www.groschwald.com
13
Future 1 Progressive Tense
Wie bildet man...
... einen Aussagesatz:
... einen Fragesatz:
... eine Verneinung:
active voice
I will be meeting you at the
airport.
passive voice
You will be being met at the
airport.
will + be + Vollverb + -ing
will + be being + past participle
des Vollverbs
Will they be meeting you?
Will you be being met?
will + be + Vollverb + -ing
will + be being + past participle
des Vollverbs
They won't be meeting you.
You will not be being met.
will + be + Vollverb + -ing
will + be being + past participle
des Vollverbs
Das Future 1 Progressive wird gebraucht...
This time tomorrow I'll be lying on a beach.
Good luck with the exam. We'll be thinking of
you.
We will be seeing each other at the same
time next week anyway.
Will you be staying in this evening?
VERGLEICHE:
Are you staying in this evening?
(Frage nach Plan)
Are you going to stay in this evening?
(Bitte um Entscheidung)
Will you stay in this evening?
(Anweisung/Befehl)
© Dirk "Waldo" Groschwald
... bei zukünftigen Handlungen mit Verlauf zu
einem bestimmten Zeitpunkt.
... bei zukünftigen Handlungen, deren Ereignis als
gegeben, nicht beeinflussbar bzw. persönlich
unbeabsichtigt angesehen werden.
... bei überaus höflichen bzw. formellen
Anfragen.
dirk@groschwald.com
www.groschwald.com
14
Future 2 (Future Perfect) Tense
Wie bildet man...
... einen Aussagesatz:
active voice
passive voice
They will have finished the road The road works will have been
finished by next year.
works by next year.
will + have + past participle des will + have been + past
Vollverbs
participle des Vollverbs
... einen Fragesatz:
Will they have finished the road
works by next year?
Will the road works have been
finished by next year?
will + have + past participle des will + have been + past
Vollverbs
participle des Vollverbs
... eine Verneinung:
They won't have finished the
road works by next year.
The road works will not have
been finished by next year.
will + have + past participle des will + have been + past
Vollverbs
participle des Vollverbs
Das Future 2 Simple (Future Perfect Simple) wird gebraucht...
I will have been here for seven years next
February.
The painters say they will have finished the
rooms by Tuesday.
... wenn Handlungen beschrieben werden, die in
der Zukunft ihren Abschluss gefunden haben
werden.
Future 2 Progressive Tense
Wie bildet man...
... einen Aussagesatz:
... einen Fragesatz:
active voice
By next Christmas they will be
having built that bridge for three
years.
passive voice
By next Christmas that bridge
will have been being built for
three years.
will + be having + past
participle des Vollverbs
will + have been being +
past participle des Vollverbs
For how long will they be having For how long will that bridge
built that bridge by next
have been being built by next
Christmas?
Christmas?
will + be having + past
participle des Vollverbs
... eine Verneinung:
will + have been being +
past participle des Vollverbs
They will not be having built that The bridge will not have been
bridge for less than three years
being built for less than three
by next Christmas.
years by next Christmas.
will + be having + past
participle des Vollverbs
will + have been being +
past participle des Vollverbs
Das Future 2 Progressive wird gebraucht...
Imagine, I will have been teaching for twenty ... wenn eine Handlung beschrieben wird, die in
der Zukunft ihren Abschluss findet, wobei die
years next summer.
zeitliche Dauer von Bedeutung ist.
© Dirk "Waldo" Groschwald
dirk@groschwald.com
www.groschwald.com
15
Conditional 1
Wie bildet man...
... einen Aussagesatz:
... einen Fragesatz:
... eine Verneinung:
active voice
They would fire him if he did
that again.
passive voice
He would be fired if he did that
again.
would + Infinitiv des Vollverbs
would be+ past participle des
Vollverbs
Would they fire him?
Would he be fired?
would + Infinitiv des Vollverbs
would be+ past participle des
Vollverbs
They would not fire him.
He would not be fired.
would + Infinitiv des Vollverbs
would be+ past participle des
Vollverbs
Das Conditional 1wird gebraucht...
I would never do such a stupid thing.
... um das mögliche (Nicht-)Eintreten einer
Handlung zu beschreiben.
I would be very grateful if you helped me.
Der Gebrauch des Conditional 1 erfolgt unter
Berücksichtigung der Regel der Zeitenfolge in ifSätzen; deutsch: Ich wäre Dir sehr
dankbar, wenn Du mir helfen würdest
(helfest/hülfest).
Conditional 2
Wie bildet man...
... einen Aussagesatz:
... einen Fragesatz:
... eine Verneinung:
active voice
I would have told him if I had
been you.
passive voice
He would have been told if he
had been there.
would have+ past participle des
Vollverbs
would have been + past
participle des Vollverbs
Would you have told him?
Would he have been told?
would have+ past participle des
Vollverbs
would have been + past
participle des Vollverbs
They would not have told him.
He would not have been told.
would have+ past participle des
Vollverbs
would have been + past
participle des Vollverbs
Das Conditional 2 wird gebraucht...
I would have never done such a stupid thing.
... um im Nachhinein das mögliche Eintreten
einer bereits vergangenen Handlung zu
beschreiben.
If I had had the money, I would have bought
this car.
Der Gebrauch des Conditional 2 erfolgt unter
Berücksichtigung der Regel der Zeitenfolge in ifSätzen; deutsch: Wenn ich das Geld gehabt
hätte, hätte ich mir dieses Auto
gekauft.
© Dirk "Waldo" Groschwald
dirk@groschwald.com
www.groschwald.com
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